Boom corrections from various sources
(May 2 2006)
Previous work

Boom corrections have been published by many authors. There is a distinct advantage in using isolated elements mounted through the boom tube so this mounting is most popular among amateurs. Elements in contact with the boom tube requires very good electrical contact since the currents are very high and a fraction of an ohm will cause significant ohmic losses. An insulated element is much less affected by the boom tube because there is a substantial magnetic field inside the boom tube that makes the inductance change much smaller. For these reasons we only give information about through hole insulated elements here on our amateur radio technical site.

For commercial/professional products we use elements in contact with the boom (welded) but the details is our company secret.

Figure 1 below shows the boom corrections currently in use among radio amateurs for through the boom insulated elements.

For comparison we have added a curve produced with BC.EXE This curve is for a 5 mm diamater element of length 900 mm mounted through a 7 mm hole on a boom, ranging from 20 to 60 mm. The wall thickness is proportional to the boom tube diameter and ranges from 1 to 3 mm.

Fig 1 Currently used boom corrections.

Tables scaled from cm to wavelengths so 70cm
and 2m data will go into the same figure.
Note the error on 1" for DJ9BV 70cm 23.62

 ```1. BOOM CORRECTION FOR THROUGH THE BOOM INSULATED ELEMENTS ON 2 METERS & 70CM. PROVEN ACCURATE FOR BOOM DIAMETERS SMALLER THAN .055 WAVELENGTHS. MEASUREMENTS BY DL6WU.FORMULA BY G3SEK. FORMULA: C = 12.5975B - 114.5B^2 C = CORRECTION FACTOR AS A FRACTION OF THE BOOM DIA. B = BOOM DIA IN WAVELENGTHS B^2 MEANS B SQUARED 2 METERS BOOM DIAMETER CORRECTION ADD 2 METERS. 0.750" OR 19.050MM 10.56% .0792" OR 2.01MM 0.875" OR 22.225MM 12.10% .1058" 0R 2.69MM 1.000" OR 25.400MM 13.66% .1366" OR 3.47MM 1.125 OR 28.575MM 15.12% .1701" OR 4.32MM 1.250" OR 31.750MM 16.54% .2070" OR 5.25MM 1.500" OR 38.100MM 19.21% .2881" OR 7.31MM 1.750" OR 44.450MM 21.67% .3792 02 9.63MM 2.000" OR 50.800MM 23.91% .4782" OR 12.15MM 20.000MM 11.04% 2.21MM 38.000MM 19.17% 7.28MM 70 CENTIMETERS. DJ9BV USES THE FOLLOWING CORRECTION ON 70CM: 0.787" OR 20.000MM 25.00% .1968" OR 5.00MM 1.000" OR 25.400MM 20.00% .2362" OR 6.00MM 1.125" OR 28.575MM 24.50% .2756" OR 7.00MM 1.250" OR 31.750MM 25.20% .3149" OR 8.00MM 1.375" OR 34.925MM 25.77% .3543" OR 9.00MM K1FO USES THE FOLLOWING CORRECTION ON 70CM: 0.875" OR 22.225MM OR 6.44MM 1.000" OR 25.400MM OR 8.12MM 1.125" OR 28.575MM OR 9.57MM 1.250" OR 31.750MM OR 11.43MM 1.375" OR 34.925MM OR 13.27MM VE7BQH USES THE FOLLOWING CORRECTION ON 70CM: 0.630" OR 16.000MM OR 3.67MM 0.875" OR 22.225MM OR 5.00MM 1.000" OR 25.400MM OR 7.00MM 1.125" OR 28.575MM OR 9.00MM 1.250" OR 31.750MM OR 10.69MM 1.375" OR 34.925MM OR 11.64MM diam corr (mm) (mm) IØJXX 144MHz 20 1.5 22 1.75 25 2.5 30 4.0 35 5.4 40 7.0 IØJXX 432MHz 20 5.7 22 6.2 25 7.7 30 10.0 35 12.8 40 15.1 ```
Table 1 Boom corrections assuming outer diameter is the only factor affecting of importance. Traditionally there is no difference in correction factor for round or square booms.

The different results obtained by different experimentators are too large to depend on poor measurements. Direct evaluation of boom corrections by building long yagis with high Q (narrow bandwidth) is very tedious. One has to change all the elements to get reasonable accuracy so the amount of work required is really frightening!

For conventional yagi designs the uncertainty of the boom correction is not a major problem. For typical boom tubes on 144MHz the uncertainty is in order of 1mm which corresponds to a frequency error of about 100kHz.

It is obvious from a theoretical consideration that the magnetic field inside the boom tube gives a significant contribution to the inductance and that the wall thickness (or inner diameter) of the boom tube affects the magnitude of the correction. This is probably the main reason for the variations between earlier results.